Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Gadamer I 357
Unity/Uniformity/Experience/Science/Aristotle/Gadamer: (...) Therein lies the fundamental openness of experience for new experience - not only in the general sense that errors come for correction, but it is by its very nature dependent on constant confirmation and therefore necessarily becomes another itself in the absence of confirmation (ubi reperitur instantia contradictoria). Aristotle has a very nice picture for the logic of this procedure. He compares the many observations one makes with a fleeing army. (...) if in this general flight an observation is confirmed through re-
Gadamer I 358
peated experience, then it stops.
Thus, at this point, as it were, a first standstill in the general flight begins. If others join him, the whole army of the fugitives comes to a halt at the end and obeys the unit of the command again.
The uniform mastery of the whole symbolizes here what science is. The picture is intended to show how science, i.e. general truth, can come about at all, which must not depend on the randomness of the observations, but should apply in general.
Experience/Induction/Aristotle/Gadamer: The picture captures the peculiar openness in which experience is acquired, in this or that, suddenly, unpredictably and yet not unprepared, and from then on valid until new experience, i.e. not only determining this or that, but everything of this kind. It is this generality of experience through which, according to Aristotle, the true generality of the concept and the possibility of science comes about. The picture thus illustrates how the unprincipled generality of experience (the sequence of experience) leads to the unity of the arché (arché = "command" and "principle").


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-08-11
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