Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Generality: refers to properties that are shared by multiple objects.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Bubner I 120
Epagogé/Aristotle/Bubner: generality emerges from the rhetorical exercise of providing examples. Introduction. Not strict induction in today's sense of the relation of general statements and individual cases.
In Aristotle: no comparable subsumption relation.
Previous Knowledge/Aristotle: where does it come from? The concrete individual is always familiar to us from the sensory experience. But the general?
Generality/Knowledge/AristotelesVsPlato: VsAnamnesis: also knowledge about the general comes from sensory experience and epagogé.
Science/Aristotle: Principles as a basis cannot be the object of science. They derive from induction and are to be intuitively understood.

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Gadamer I 318
Generalities/Aristotle/Gadamer: If the good for humans meets in each case in the concretion of the practical situation in which he or she is, moral knowledge must do just that, to look at the concrete situation, as it were, what it demands of the person. In other words, the actor must see the concrete situation in the light of what is generally demanded of him or her. But this means negatively that knowledge in general, which does not know how to apply itself to the concrete situation, remains meaningless, and even threatens to obscure the concrete demands that emanate from the situation. This fact, which expresses the essence of moral reflection, not only makes philosophical ethics a methodologically difficult problem, but also gives moral relevance to the problem of method. >Ethics/Aristotle, >Knowledge/Aristotle, >The Good/Aristotle, >Techne/Aristotle, >Self-Knowledge/Aristotle.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-09-19
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