Discourse Theories on Community - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 162
Community/citizenship/Discourse theories/deliberative democracy/Bohman: If 'all speech acts must be open to all participants' in free and open communication, then perhaps the most important deliberative speech act is related to the opening of a discursive exchange or the propos-
ing of a topic or theme for public deliberation (Bohman, 1996)(1). Indeed, to make a claim is to
invite a response, and with this kind of invitation comes an implicit obligation to be responsive to
those who reply. Indeed, the discursive obligations of citizenship involve not only the willingness to
engage in the special mutual conflict distinctive of argumentative practices but also obligations of
responsiveness and answerability to others.
Listening is thus just as important an obligation as speaking, and it is here that asymmetries are likely to emerge rather than on the expressive side, however formally restrictive some public spheres may be in permissible modes of expression. What if such collaborative perspective taking is blocked, and communication remains unsuccessful in resolving conflict? >Consensus/Discourse theories, >Deliberative democracy, >Toleration/Discourse theories.
1. Bohman, James (1996) Public Deliberation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bohman, James 2004. „Discourse Theory“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004