Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Possibility, philosophy: something is possible if it cannot be excluded. This has to be distinguished from the concept of contingency that expresses that something could have been different.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Stalnaker I 34
Possibility/Robert Adams: Thesis: Possibility is rather holistic than atomistic in the sense that what is possible is only part of a possible totally determined world.
("Possible completely determinate world").
Stalnaker: so far, however, our reflections do not imply that any consistent set of propositions is a subset of a world history. For the following (W4) does not follow from them, but must be added as an addition:
(W4) Each consistent set is a subset of a maximum consistent set.
Possible world/proposition/reduction/Stalnaker: we have two types of reduction:
a) Reduction of possible worlds on propositions.
b) Reduction of propositions to possible worlds.
The two are not equivalent.
Of course, they differ in terms of what is to be the basic concept.
> Possible worlds/Adams, world-story theory.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Sta I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22