Marxism on Justice - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 78
Justice/Marxism/Levine, Andrew: Orthodox Marxists had always denied that justice was a trans-historical ‘critical’ concept, a standard against which socio-economic structures could be assessed. Their view was that ideas of justice were ‘superstructural’, that what is just or unjust is relative to the mode of production in place. Injustices can arise within capitalism, then, but capitalism itself cannot be unjust.
Analytical Marxism: Among the first analytical Marxist ventures were efforts to prove the orthodox view right or, failing that, to show how a suitable trans-historical concept of justice could be integrated into the larger theoretical structure Marx contrived (see Buchanan, 1982(1); Lukes, 1985(2)). >Marxism/Levine.
From the outset, then, there was an effort to draw Marx and Rawls together. The connection was not merely topical. It carried over into styles of argumentation too. Analytical Marxism was, after all, in its infancy. Liberal political philosophy was a mature intellectual discipline, undergoing a renaissance.
1. Buchanan, Allen E. (1982) Marx and Justice: The Radical Critique of Liberalism. Totawa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield.
2. Lukes, Steven (1985) Marxism and Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Levine, Andrew 2004. A future for Marxism?“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004