|Ideology: A) Ideology is a set of attitudes that exists in a person or group. – B) Ideology is the set of possible operations that can be performed with an ontology. E.g. with the ontology of the natural numbers, the operations of multiplication and addition are possible; the ontology must be extended to the rational numbers for the operation of the division._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ernesto Laclau on Ideology - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 14
Ideology/Laclau/Mouffe/Freeden: Theorists such as Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe have emphasized the discursive nature of ideology, and the way in which it articulates a social unity in a hegemonic manner. They also point out the existence of concepts, ‘empty
Gaus I 15
signifiers’, to which no signified, no external social phenomenon, condition or object, corresponds. On that understanding, for example, the term ‘order’ is an empty concept, referring to inadequate representations of social stability because no complete order can ever exist. In contradistinction to AngloAmerican political philosophy, the emphasis here is on the impossibility of making truth statements, on the illusory nature of representing reality, let alone discerning essential meanings, and on the functional rather than ethical potential of thinking about politics (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985(1); Laclau, 1996(2); Norval, 2000(3)). >Ideology/Freeden.
1. Laclau, E & Mouffe, Ch. 1985. Hegemony and Socialist Strategy. London: Verso.
2.Laclau, 2. 1996. ‘The death and resurrection of the theory of ideology’. Journal of Political Ideologies, 1: 201–20.
3. Norval, A. 2000. ‘The things we do with words: contemporary approaches to the analysis of ideology’. British Journal of Political Science, 30: 313–46.
Freeden, M. 2004. „Ideology, Political Theory and Political Philosophy“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004