Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Stephen Holmes on Authoritarianism - Dictionary of Arguments

Krastev I 196
Authoritarianism/Krastev/Holmes: (...) authoritarianism, unlike communism, is not an ideology shareable across borders. It is an oppressive, non-consultative and arbitrary style of rule. The concentration of all power in the hands of a single lifetime president is profoundly illiberal, but it does not constitute an anti-liberal ideology confronting Western liberalism on the plane of ideas. The same can be said of press censorship and the incarceration of regime critics.
Russia/China/Krastev: What unites Putin and Xi is a general belief in the ultimate value of political stability, hostility to the democratic idea that wielders of power should be time- or term-limited, and general mistrust of political competition, accompanied by a firm conviction that the US is covertly plotting regime change for their countries. Beyond these commonalities, Putin and Xi have no shared conception of what a good society looks like. Their actions are driven by national
Krastev I 197
interest and national dreams, shaped by pride and resentment at the humiliations inflicted by Western hands, rather than by a universally exportable ideology defining a shared world-view.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

LawHolm I
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
The Common Law Mineola, NY 1991

Krastev I
Ivan Krastev
Stephen Holmes
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-15
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