Stephen Holmes on Emigration - Dictionary of Arguments
Krastev I 32
Emigration/post-communist Eastern Europe/Krastev/Holmes: The dream of a collective return of formerly communist countries to Europe made the individual choice to abscond abroad both logical and legitimate. Why should a young Pole or Hungarian wait for his country to become one day like Germany, when he can start working and raising a family in Germany tomorrow? When borders were opened after 1989, exit was favoured over voice (>Emigration/Hirschman) because political reform requires the sustained cooperation of many organized social interests, while the choice to emigrate is basically a solo or single-family operation, even though (like a bank run) it can become a cascade. The mistrust of ethno-nationalist loyalties and the prospect of a politically united Europe also helped make emigration the political choice for many liberal-minded Central and East Europeans. This, alongside the vanishing of anti-communist dissidents, is again why Michnik’s moral excoriation of emigration lost all moral and emotional resonance after 1989. >Emigration/Michnik._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
The Common Law Mineola, NY 1991
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019