|Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Krastev I 82
Realism/Future/History/Koselleck/Krastev: The idea that the vanquished have a clearer picture of the future than their vanquishers is not a new one. According to one renowned German intellectual historian, winners of international conflicts, drunk on victory, usually see their success as the triumph of justice and the predestined culmination of deep historical trends. The defeated, with a more accurate grasp of the decisive role played by contingency in history, 'search for middle-or-long term factors to account for and perhaps explain the accident of the unexpected outcome'.(1)
1. Reinhart Koselleck, 'Transformations of Experience and Methodological Change: A Historical-Anthropological Essay', in Koselleck, The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts, trans. Todd Preston et al. (Stanford University, 2002), Chapter 4._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019