Ivan Krastev on Anti-Liberalism - Dictionary of Arguments
Krastev I 5
Anti-Liberalism/Krastev: no single factor can explain the simultaneous emergence of authoritarian anti-liberalisms in so many differently situated countries in the second decade of the twenty-first century.
It is a story, among other things, of liberalism abandoning pluralism for hegemony. The striving of ex-communist countries to emulate the West after 1989 has been given an assortment of names – Americanization, Europeanization, democratization, liberalization, enlargement, integration, harmonization, globalization, and so forth – but it has always signified modernization by imitation and integration by assimilation.
Krastev I 42
Anti-Liberalism/Krastev: Contrary to many contemporary theorists,(1) populist rage is directed less at multiculturalism
Krastev I 43
than at post-national individualism and cosmopolitanism. (...)it implies that populism cannot be combatted by abandoning identity politics in the name of liberal individualism. For the illiberal democrats of Eastern and Central Europe, the gravest threat to the survival of the white Christian majority in Europe is the incapacity of Western societies to defend themselves. They cannot defend themselves because liberalism’s bias against communitarianism allegedly blinds its adherents to the threats they face. (...) the anti-liberal consensus today is that the rights of the threatened white Christian majority are in mortal danger. To protect this besieged majority’s fragile dominance (...) Europeans need to replace the watery post-nationalism foisted on them by cosmopolitan liberals with a muscular identity politics or group particularism of their own. This is the logic with which Orbán and Kaczyński have tried to inflame the inner xenophobic nationalism of their countrymen, creating an anti-liberal R2P (Right to Protect) targeting exclusively white Christian populations allegedly at risk of extinction.
1. Mark Lilla, The Once and Future Liberal: After Identity Politics (Harper, 2017)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019