Marsilius of Padua on Peace - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 178
Peace/Marsilius/Höffe: The peace whose blessings [Marsilius] defends is, similar to Dante, a non-violent but not conflict-ridden coexistence. The idea of a competition which is bound to the law, cherished by him, but otherwise free is also alien to Marsilius. A fundamental element of the political, the struggle of interests and the struggle for power, loses its significance.
Goal: Marsilius' (and Dante's) peace exist in a state of rest; Marsilius speaks right at the beginning of: peace or (wind) stillness or calm (pax sive tranquillitas).
Peace/HegelVsKant/Höffe: In the assertion that a lasting or even an eternal peace would threaten the moral health of peoples, Hegel will take up this motive in his rejection of Kant's peace project.
Höffe: But Marsilius doesn't appear in Hegel's authoritative lectures on the history of philosophy.
Silence/Marsilius: Only in a peace de-
Höffe I 179
signed as silence can a community, according to Marsilius, enable its citizens to survive and live a good life, namely a comprehensive satisfaction of needs and a virtuous life(1). >Community/Marsilius.
MarsiliusVsPapacy: According to Marsilius, the governor of God on earth, the Roman bishop, is not the prince of peace, but the main cause of discord. >Papacy/Marsilius.
1. Marsilius, Defensor pacis, I, 4, § 1_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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