Marsilius of Padua on Democracy - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 180
Democracy/Marsilius/Höffe: Amazing for the political thinking of the Middle Ages, but to be expected for a theorist of popular sovereignty and republicanism, Marsilius gives
the people the power to reprimand a government where necessary and if the law is broken,
Farms I 181
to even depose the government.
However, how a dismissal is to be made remains open(1). In arguing in favour of the people, Marsilius, like his philosophical model, Aristotle, in the appropriate place, is also optimistic to believe that the people or their majority will only enact laws for the common good, because nobody knowingly harms himself. >State/Marsilius, >Governance/Marsilius, >Law/Marsilius.
Marsilius' thinking is (...) forward-looking because it subjects even the Church to the idea of popular sovereignty and republicanism. By analogy with the political community, the totality of all citizens (universitas civium), the Church is to be understood as the totality of believers (universitas fidelium) who believe in and call upon the name of Christ. For this reason the clergy derives its legitimacy from the totality of believers. >Church/Marsilius.
1. Marsilius, Defensor pacis, I, 18_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016