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Twin Earth/Mental State/Putnam: different reference but not significantly different mental state. - Thesis: Reference is not determined by individual mental states - but by the overall mental state of all members of a language community. - The reference does not change with each new discovery - discovery is no fixing of reference.
Twin Earth: Reference is formed by the use of the local objects. - Expert knowledge explains neither difference in meaning nor reference. E.g. a 3rd Twin Earth with even more extensively modified water but the same expert knowledge.
Twin Earth/Putnam: does not change our water. - It only shows that you cannot do concept analysis in an armchair.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990