|Goals, philosophy: a goal is an unrealized state, which is striven for by a positive idea. Some authors assume that even higher animals can have goals. In idealistic philosophy there is the thesis that history as a whole has a goal. See also psychology, pragmatism, history, teleology, fatalism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon:
Aim/Purpose/Machine/Rorty: the purpose of a machine is not inherent in it. - A machine can be used for many different purposes. - Machines do not have a center. - Those with fewer parts are not perfect machines.
Purpose/Machine: a machine can be used for many different purposes. The purpose of the machine is not inherent in it.
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Aim/Purpose/Human/MacIntyre/Rorty: it is difficult to see where the purpose of the human could be. We cannot maintain the "functional" Aristotelian concept that establishes a relationship between "human" and "live well" along the lines of "harpist" and "good at playing the harp." (Collingwood as well).
Newton/Universe/Rorty: Newton sees the universe as a mechanism. Consequence: a purpose is no longer inherent in the world itself! The world no longer teaches people how they should live.
Darwin/Purpose: interaction between species coincidental. Therefore also here: the purpose is not inherent in the event itself.
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Aim/Purpose/Darwinism/Rorty: Darwin banned purpose from nature, as far as it reaches beyond the needs of a specific organism.
Aim/Purpose/RortyVsDewey: but as soon as purpose disappears from nature, there is no philosophical problem anymore that would affect the ability of science (of knowledge)! For then, the reconciliation of the purposes of the subject with those of the object is no longer a problem. The object is no longer the embodiment of a telos (of nature, Aristotle), but simply an object of handling._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000