Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Goals, philosophy: a goal is an unrealized state, which is striven for by a positive idea. Some authors assume that even higher animals can have goals. In idealistic philosophy there is the thesis that history as a whole has a goal. See also psychology, pragmatism, history, teleology, fatalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Immanuel Kant on Goals - Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

I 119
Purpose/Aim/Nature/Kant: Presentation of purposes: a heuristic principle - we consider them as if they would be appropriate, even if purpose is just a term of us - two principles: necessary as objects of reason (natural whole as a system) - contingent: according to mechanical laws - but the two principles are not mutually exclusive.
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Kant, Ausgabe der Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1900ff, AA IV, 433 / GMS, BA 74-75.
Kant: People are ends, not means.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-01-28
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