|Coincidence: coincidence is not the absence of a causal explanation, but the coinciding of several events, which were caused by independent causal chains. The determination of a coincidence belongs to the description level and may express the deviation from an expectation. The property of being accidental is not inherent to events. See also determinism, indeterminism, contingency, necessity, probability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Coincidence/Lewis: If coincidences did not supervene on facts (LewisVs), then no theories of coincidence - ((s)Vs: not if Definition coincidence/(s): not independence but range of possible reaction - Lewis: a different pattern would bring about an entirely different theory - then the theory of coincidence itself is not something that has a certain chance - Important argument: then several possible worlds are not something that has different story chance conditionals - then the theory of coincidence would be necessary (for each possible world) - then it is just about historical information - problem: if I know the pre-history, there is only one reasonable belief function - LewisVs: 1) so little room for maneuvre is not reasonable - 2) it is unlikely that the properties of the world should not supervene on certain facts.
Coincidence/Causing/Lewis: even random events are caused._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991