|Lemons Example: is a thought experiment by J.R. Searle (J.R. Searle, What is a speech act? In Philosophy in America, M. Black (ed), Ithaca, NY, 1965, pp. 221-239) in connection with the theory of H.P. Grice on meaning An American soldier in the Second World War is captured by Italian troops. He wants the Italians to believe that he is a German officer and utters the only German sentence he still memorizes from school. “Kennst Du das Land, wo die Zitronen blühn?” (Do you know the land where the lemons bloom? Goethe, Mignon’s Song). His guards understand no German at all, but recognize the sound of the German language and set him free. Still, it would be wrong to say that he meant with these words "I am a German officer". The example is to refute Grice's theory. See also Meaning (intending), Grice, intentionality, conversational implication._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Lemon-Example/Searle: the speaker does not believe that the sentence meant that he was a German soldier._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983