|Quote/Disquotation: quotes are reproductions of verbal or written utterances made or found at a different time and / or at a different place. They may be put forward verbally or in writing. Problems arise for the interpretation of the original utterance if it contains linguistic elements that refer to persons or situations in the utterance context. See also indirect speech, quasi-quotation, intensions, propositions, opacity, two-dimensional semantics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Quote/possible world semantics / Cresswell: : e.g. he told us that he was older than he was. - This can be made true by "I am 50".
Problem: but no connection to the sentence "He was older than he was".
Quotation/Quote theory/Bigelow: Thesis: things themselves can be temporarily added to the language as a name in it. E.g. the (deictic) use of them is necessary if a certain woman is added to the language. - Anaphor / Bigelow: thesis: whenever the context can make something, also be the anaphora can be added. ((s), if the clarification has already been done by the context.) E.g. "I, Claudius"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984