|Höffe I 131
Politics/Avicenna/Höffe: In political thinking, which is contained in his summa, Avicenna is quite orthodox. While he emphasizes the importance of partnership, law
Höffe I 132
and justice, he advocates a redistribution of wealth and an adaptable legal system. In the provisions on marriage and divorce, penalties and taxes, however, he follows the religious laws;
Rule: The caliph is considered to have universal jurisdiction; wars are to be waged against the enemies of the right doctrine; the property of the defeated falls to the victor.
Slavery: With Aristotle there are [for Avicenna] "slaves by nature", under which, amazingly concretely, all "Negroes and Turks" fall.
HöffeVsBloch: Such statements raise doubts about Ernst Bloch's attempt to count Avicenna among the Aristotelian Left.
VsAvicenna/Höffe: Avicenna's teaching of philosophy and Islamic theology has met with fierce criticism from both philosophers and theologians. The probably greatest theologian of Islam, >al-Gazali (Algazel, 1058-1111) raises the sharpest contradiction.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016