Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Time: A. Time is a dimension in which events are arranged. At first, no direction (before / after) is defined with this. A time direction can be obtained in the context of the Second Principle of Thermodynamics. However, a global framework must be assumed, within which there is an increase of entropy. The assumption of increasing entropy does not apply to the comparison of local events. B. In the case of the subjective time, the question of direction is less problematic. The perceived time direction is expressed by the learned use of the terms "before" and "after". See also time arrow, time travel, time reversal, symmetry, duration, space time, relativity theory, four-dimensionalism, world lines.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Bertrand Russell on Time - Dictionary of Arguments

B. Russell, ABC of Relativity Theory 38
Time/Concurrence/Relativity Theory/Russell: concurrence only has a meaning with respect to an observer. - Each clock measures its own time correctly. - The own time does not provide a measure of bodies moving relative to it. - From the perspective of accelerated electrons their own mass remains equal. - For them, the observer becomes thicker or thinner. - Russell: We must look at the distances between events, not between bodies.
Concurrence/Russell: comes into play in relation with congruence.
Time/Place/Relativity Theory/Russell: There is no same time for different observers. - That is why we always need to provide the time and place for an event. - Event instead of body: is an observed body.
Time/Time Dilatation/Relativity Theory/Special Relativity Theory/Russell: events towards which the traveler is moving seem to him like things of the past. - The events lying behind him seem to be in the future. - For the observer standing on the railway line they seem to be in the present.
Power/Relativity Theory/Russell: is no longer a fundamental concept of dynamics - more like "sunrise". The same force applied to a heavy body does not cause as much acceleration as a lighter one.
"During"/Relativity Theory/Physics/Logical Form/Russell: multiplication with time. - ((s) Division: E.g. speed: would not be referred to as "during" - In contrast, "during": E.g. Maintained speed times a time - result: distance traveled -> acceleration.
sec2: here multiplication comes in again. - the fact that a particle follows a geodesic is then the "principle of least effect".

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Russell I
B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986

Russell II
B. Russell
The ABC of Relativity, London 1958, 1969
German Edition:
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989

Russell IV
B. Russell
The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912
German Edition:
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967

Russell VI
B. Russell
"The Philosophy of Logical Atomism", in: B. Russell, Logic and KNowledge, ed. R. Ch. Marsh, London 1956, pp. 200-202
German Edition:
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993

Russell VII
B. Russell
On the Nature of Truth and Falsehood, in: B. Russell, The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912 - Dt. "Wahrheit und Falschheit"
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-28
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