|Signs: signs are recognizable and definable forms that an observer can assign to two domains. The first domain is the repertoire of available forms that allows a distinction of similarity and dissimilarity within this domain, the second domain is a set of objects which also distinguishes between similarity and dissimilarity between these objects as well as distinguishing the objects of the second domain from the forms of the first domain. There are no signs without observation or interpretation. See also language, words, symbols, icons, systems, image, image theory, pictures, assignment._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Berka I 29
Sign/Logic/Peirce: in Logic all three types of signs must occur - symbols: without it there is no universality - universality: essential for conclusions.
Problem: a symbol alone says nothing about the subject matter - a general term can only allude to an object.
Symbol/Peirce: says nothing about the subject.
Diaz-Bone I 68f
Sign/Peirce/VsKant: VsConstruction of the transcendental Subject: pragmatism is the method that enables successful linguistic and mental communication and clear ideas. For Peirce, every thought is a sign.
Sign/Peirce/Eco: triadic form: base: symbol (represented) object (that it represents) Tip: interpretant (many authors want to equate this with signifier or reference)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ch. S. Peirce
Philosophical Writings 2011
K. Berka/L. Kreiser
Logik Texte Berlin 1983
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996