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Community/al-Farabi/Höffe: The perfect community, founded in wisdom and virtue, is the mediating and unifying authority between the microcosm, the human being striving for perfection, and the macrocosm, the perfect universe, in the spirit of New Platonism(1).
Organic image of the state: Al-Fārābī adopts an organic state thinking according to which the community is to be understood as a human body. There are certainly ancient models for this, e.g. Plato, who however sees the states in analogy to the soul. Therefore we should rather think here of Livius' story of the rebellion of the stomach against the limbs, also of Cicero. For al-Fārābī
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the excellent community is like a perfect body, in which life is perfectly maintained in one state through the interaction of all limbs. >Rule/al-Farabi, >State/al-Farabi.
1. al-Farabi, On the perfect state._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016