|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Definition Normal Science/Kuhn: Research that is firmly based on one or more scientific achievements of the past.
Science/Kuhn: problems: Three classes of problems: - 1st determining important facts - 2nd mutual adjustment of facts and theory - 3rd articulation of theory.
Target/Science/Kuhn: Science does not move towards a "goal". - There must be no such destination at least.
Community/Science/Kuhn: Typical for group formation: shared use of symbols - e.g. mathematical formulas._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago 1962
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973