|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Science / Fraassen: thesis: it is not about declaration as such, but about new statements about observable regularities.
Science / R. Boyd: thesis: the terms of a mature science typically refer. - We need realism, so the success of science does not look like a miracle. - FraassenVsBoyd: Science does not have to explain to its own success.
Unity / Science / Duhem: DuhemVs English Science: these are "broad but shallow", satisfied with a piecemeal approach (apparatus). - (Duhem per uniformity).
Philosophy of Science / Fraassen: has nothing to do with logic or philosophy of language. - And vice versa: Fraassen thesis: language problems have nothing to do with the content of science and the structure of the world._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980