Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Barry Stroud on Knowledge - Dictionary of Arguments

I 30
Knowledge/Stroud: science and everyday life have the same standards for knowledge - True belief is still no knowledge. - Knowledge/Stroud thesis: we can know how things appear to us. - (Does not help against Descartes' skepticism) - Descartes: these are his "ideas". - Trying to get behind it, only leads to further representations.
I 34
There is no "real knowledge" in contrast to knowledge.
I 61
Knowledge/Stroud: I cannot be described as someone who knows that John will not get hit by a meteorite. - But when John turns up it is right to say I knew he was coming. -> Assertibility.
I 76
Skepticism/knowledge/Stroud: deep problem: if we realize that our concept of knowledge or of truth leads us to skepticism, we feel that it is incorrect. - Depth: it is not just about knowledge, but about our practice and reflection. (>Self-knowledge).
I 110
Skepticism/Detective Example/crime case/Stroud: shows that it is not about greater security. - (As with MooreVsHume) - There is no competing hypothesis. - Rather, it shows a lack (incomplete list). - No misuse of the word "knowledge". - Skepticism: does not only consider documents (like the detective) but also questions reasons.
I 121
Wrong: Because I know that the butler was the perpetrator, I know that the list is complete. (analoge to Moore's hands).
I 239
Knowledge/belief/Stroud: difference: true belief can be random, then the fact of belief is not an explanation for knowledge, no theory of knowledge.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Stroud I
B. Stroud
The Significance of philosophical scepticism Oxford 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-10-06
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