Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 92
Knowledge/Goodman: E.g. It could be that someone asks me if I have seen the football coach among my audience. And I answer falsely with no. And I have even seen all of my audience.
III 105
Forgery: because my knowledge of the difference between the two images influences the relationship of the current to all future examining, it also shapes the character of my present examining.
IV 17
Empiricism asserts that knowledge depends on experience.
GoodmanVs: that can be misleading: because the dependence is mutual: experience also depends on knowledge. Routine often goes unnoticed. - Background knowledge is almost always necessary.
IV 204
Example: Suppose you are rightly convinced that the top card from a well-shuffled deck is not Diamonds Two, and let us assume further that this proves to be true. Can you claim to have known it? Knowledge which is uncertain, is hardly a more fortunate idea than knowledge that is certain.
IV 212
Knowledge needs 1. Truth 2. conviction 3. hardening. Understanding does not need any of these.
IV 213
You do not know the known! (To the question: "How do you know what is right?").

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-26