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Knowledge/Goodman: E.g. It could be that someone asks me if I have seen the football coach among my audience. And I answer falsely with no. And I have even seen all of my audience.
Forgery: because my knowledge of the difference between the two images influences the relationship of the current to all future examining, it also shapes the character of my present examining.
Empiricism asserts that knowledge depends on experience.
GoodmanVs: that can be misleading: because the dependence is mutual: experience also depends on knowledge. Routine often goes unnoticed. - Background knowledge is almost always necessary.
Example: Suppose you are rightly convinced that the top card from a well-shuffled deck is not Diamonds Two, and let us assume further that this proves to be true. Can you claim to have known it? Knowledge which is uncertain, is hardly a more fortunate idea than knowledge that is certain.
Knowledge needs 1. Truth 2. conviction 3. hardening. Understanding does not need any of these.
You do not know the known! (To the question: "How do you know what is right?").
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989