|Consistency, philosophy, logic: within a system, consistency may be demonstrated, but not beyond the boundaries of this system, since the use of the symbols and the set of possible objects are only defined for this system.|
Within mathematics, and only there applies that the mathematical objects, which are mentioned in consistent formulas, exist (Hilbert, Über das Unendliche, 1926). See also falsification, verification, existence, well-formed.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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Def Strong Consistency/Strong consistent/Field: a mathematical theory M is st. c. , if it causes that the conjunction with a consistent non-mathematical theory T is still consistent. - T + M = consistent - Punch line: although st.c. does not follow from truth, it follows from necessary truth. - st.c. is however weaker than necessary truth because st.c. theories need not be true. - Purely mathematical theories (without math. entities): for them consistency involves strong consistency. - Non-pure: E.g. set theory with basic elements. - Urelement: Element of the lowest level, e.g. real numbers.
Consistency/Consistent/Mathematics/FieldVs: is untenable as a condition for the quality of mathematics: a consistent mathematical theory can be largely inadequate - Consistent (without contradiction) here means semantically consistent, i.e. satisfiable._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980