|Essence, philosophy: the essence of an object is understood to mean one or more properties without which the object is inconceivable. Critics argue that such necessary properties can only be attributed to concepts, but not to empirical objects. See also features, essentialism, ultimate justification, properties, metaphysics, concepts, necessity de re, substance._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Arndt II 196
Essence/Nature/Locke/Arndt: only in the language itself the objectivity of our general knowledge is constituted - that is the "nominal essence".
Real being: a real but unknown nature of insensible parts.
That we call "cause" or basis of our complex idea.
There is no other measure of the essence or the specific, as our abstract ideas.
What assigns each particular to a class or a generic name (general term)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen - Neuzeit I, J. Speck (Hg), Göttingen 1997