|Essence, philosophy: the essence of an object is understood to mean one or more properties without which the object is inconceivable. Critics argue that such necessary properties can only be attributed to concepts, but not to empirical objects. See also features, essentialism, ultimate justification, properties, metaphysics, concepts, necessity de re, substance._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Essence/NewtonVsAristotle/Kuhn: it's not about the nature of the stone. - The stone simply falls. - At the same time: VoltaireVs: - vis dormitiva. - After that emergence of corpuscular theory: Form of opium particles.
Important point: The contact of the corpuscles. - VsLong-distance effect. - So Newton's theory is the reason for the rejection. - (Because of the assumed long-distance effect)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973