|Values, philosophy: contrary to the notion of economic value, the philosophical concept of value is concerned with the attribution of properties and the characterization of concrete or idealized situations with regard to whether their realization is to be achieved. This is so, because a value can be identified in connection with these situations. See also norms, principles, ethics, morality, utility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Value/Values/Max Weber: distinction between facts and values - VsObjectivity of value judgments - "non-judgmental understanding." - Ideal type: Understanding of rational "instrumental" actions. - Karl-Otto Apel: these can be reconstructed as transpositions of if-then rules. - Sociology: does not have to prove that maximum demands are fulfilled, but only that it was rational for the actor, how he has fulfilled his objectives.
PutnamVsWeber/VsApel: only operationalist, too instrumentalist, to understand rationality only from purposes.
Facts/values/Putnam: are not separated._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
Robert D., Putnam
Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000