Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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World, philosophy: here we are concerned about what is counted as a world. If the world is conceived as a totality of objects, states, processes and their relations, as well as the totality of actions and thoughts, no statements are possible about the world which are not circular. See also universe, ontology, totality, whole, outer/inner, paradoxes, circularity.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Edmund Husserl on World - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 251
World/Husserl/Gadamer: It is a fundamentally anonymous intentionality, i.e. one that is no longer performed by anyone by name, through which the all-encompassing world horizon is constituted. Husserl, in conscious counter formation against a concept of world that encompasses the universe of that which can be objectified by the sciences, calls this phenomenological concept of world "the lifeworld", i.e. the world into which we live in the natural attitude, which does not as such ever become representational for us, but which represents the given ground of all experience. >Lifeworld/Husserl.
Structure of experience: Certainly one can ask about the structure of what comprises all environments ever experienced by humans and thus is the worldly experience par excellence, and in this sense one can certainly speak of an ontology of the world. Such an ontology of the world would still remain something quite different from what the natural sciences - thought of in completion - would achieve. It represented a philosophical task that made the structure of the world's essence the object of its study.
Lifeworld/Husserl/Gadamer: But with the lifeworld something else is meant, the whole into which we live as historically living beings.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
E. Husserl
I Peter Prechtl, Husserl zur Einführung, Hamburg 1991
II "Husserl" in: Eva Picardi et al., Interpretationen - Hauptwerke der Philosophie: 20. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart 1992
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-05-20
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