Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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World, philosophy: here we are concerned about what is counted as a world. If the world is conceived as a totality of objects, states, processes and their relations, as well as the totality of actions and thoughts, no statements are possible about the world which are not circular. See also universe, ontology, totality, whole, outer/inner, paradoxes, circularity.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 181
Definition world state/Chisholm: p: a fact which is possible, and for every strict attribute A applies, that either p is necessarily like this that if p exists, something possesses A, or necessarily in such a way that nothing possesses A - a world state will be either necessary or impossible - definition minimal world state/Chisholm: p is a time = p is a world state implied by every state of the world that it implies (> identity) - minimal/(s): is then the finest possible determined.) - ((s) all properties must be mentioned.)
I 183
Definition World/Chisholm: a world W is a fact; for every state p applies, that W either implies p logically or W implies the negation of p logically - possible world: instead of it, we can speak of "worlds" in the above-defined sense - if I have "unrealized possibilities", then I should not exist in more possible worlds - (s) decision weakness must not increase the number of possible worlds.
Chisholm II M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986

II 73
World/Chisholm/Sauer: (here) maximum fact in the sense of an equivalence of "every possible world is so that p" and "p" expresses a contradictory proposition which can be negated. - ((s) maximum/(s): every possible world includes all necessary states of affairs.)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-25