# Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Probability distribution: A probability distribution is the distribution of the probabilities for discrete individual events in a given experimental setup or situation. It is given by a probability function. While a uniform distribution is to be expected for a dice, the distribution of e.g. the expected body sizes of a human population will be concentrated around a mean value. See also probability function.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
257
Nonfactualism/NF/Field: must assume that acceptance of conditionals is not regulated by the normal probability law, which governs the acceptance of "fact sentences".
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257
Linearity Principle/Lewis/Field: P(D) = P (D I B). P(B) + P(D I ~ B). P(~ B) - is not acceptable for the nonfactualism if D is a form of A > C. - That is, the law for belief degree fails.
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257
Belief degree/conditional: in conditional conditions, the classical probability laws for belief degrees do not apply. - Disquotational truth/conditional: refers to the whole: "when Clinton dies Gore becomes President" is true iff Clinton dies and Gore becomes president.
Non-disquotational: with simple sentences such as disquotational truth.
For conditionals: simplest solution: without truth value.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Field I
H. Field
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989

Field II
H. Field
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001

Field III
H. Field
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980

Field IV
Hartry Field
"Realism and Relativism", The Journal of Philosophy, 76 (1982), pp. 553-67
In
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994

> Counter arguments against Field

Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-06-04