|Höffe I 299
Cosmopolitanism/Kant/Höffe: Kant's thinking has, historically speaking, Greek, Roman and Christian roots, but in this respect it is clearly European. From them, however, he develops a philosophy that transcends all European borders and is truly capable of globalization. Averse to any Eurocentric arrogance, the philosopher cultivates a cosmopolitanism that pervades all of his thinking: the theory of knowledge, of morality and of the unity of nature and morality, the philosophy of education, of art, of history and, above all, of law, state and politics. This comprehensive cosmopolitanism is facilitated and at the same time saturated with reality by a curiosity that is directed at almost all objects, thus leading to an extraordinarily rich knowledge of the world.
Höffe I 315
Cosmopolitanism/Kant/Höffe: Kant's philosophy of public law reaches its conclusion, at the same time the completion of the Definitive Article 3(1), with the newly introduced world civil law. Since it does not replace "national" civil law, but rather complements it, he does not advocate an exclusive but a complementary cosmopolitanism.
World Citizenship: The Kantian World Citizenship consists of a well defined right of cooperation, namely a right to visit, not a right to be a guest: whether individuals, groups, companies or states, even religious communities - they are all allowed to "knock" elsewhere, but have no right to enter. In particular, they are not allowed to kill, enslave or rob the one who knocks, nor, conversely, are they allowed to subjugate, exploit or enslave the natives.
Colonialism: In this context, the colonial policy of the time is strongly condemned without compromise. The "injustice" that the "trading states of our part of the world" did to foreign countries and peoples goes "to the point of horror", because "the inhabitants there reckoned them for nothing".
1. Kant, Zum ewigen Frieden, 1795_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016