Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Truth makers, philosophy: Some theories assume that, in the case of true statements, there must be something that is the reason why they are true, the so-called truth makers. Opponents of the truth maker theories represent the view that these truth makers are ultimately a repetition of the description of a state of affairs in other words, whereby a description cannot be made true by another description. One problem is the specification of truth makers when it comes to statements about non-existence. See also reason, justification, truth, facts, universals, natural laws, negation, causality, causal theory, causal explanation, ontology, non-existence, non-factualism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
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Horwich I 194
Truthmaker / Strawson: if the situation is the subject, it is not the situation that makes the statement true. - Fact: is a non-linguistic term (therefore not subject).

Strawson II 20 ~
Truthmaker / Strawson: facts make assertions true, not things.
II 252
Truthmaker / VsAustin: that the cat has mange, is not made true by the cat (as a thing), but by the condition of the cat (the fact).
II 257
Truthmaker / Strawson: e.g. language with "plate" (Wittgenstein, PI) would be just as conventional, but those alleged pseudo entities that make the statements true (facts), would not be among the non-linguistic correlates. - ((s) the world wouldn’t be emptier.)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981

Hor I
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-08-20