|Truth-conditional semantics: truth-conditional semantics assume that the meaning of sentences can be determined by determining their truth value ("true" or "false"). It is assumed that the sentence components contribute to the meaning of the entire sentence, and the links ("and", "or", etc.) have the meaning which results from the logical truth tables. An example for a non-truth-conditional semantics is the conditional role semantics. See also compositionality, Frege-Principle, truth values, analyticity/syntheticity, understanding, semantics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Truth conditional Semantics/Meaning/Promise/truth value/truth condition/action/Cresswell: the truth-conditional semantics does not judge, however, why one should say the truth.
(11) I promise to pay you five dollars.
The question of truth/falsehood has nothing to do with the purpose of the statement. We can show, however, that the semantic analysis of the word meanings requires that (11) has a certain truth value
The sentence is true if the speaker promises it.
Language here becomes a rule-directed means of conveying to the listener a representation of the same set of possible worlds (poss.w.), as given to the speaker. Thus, the concept of the possible world stands in the heart of the semantics and is even more fundamental than the notion of truth.
Truth-conditional semantics/Cresswell: Knowing the meaning of a sentence: knowing what the case should be, so that the sentence is true.
Non-truth-conditional semantics: E.g. Semantics of the conceptual role/Harman. - E.g. Intention-based semantics/Schiffer. - E.g. speech act theory.
KatzVsTruth-conditional semantics: all equivalent sentences then have the same meaning._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984