|Truth Definitions: are attempts to define truth and can be arranged into two main streams
A. Semantic truth theories presuppose a concept of consistency between understood and interpreted verbal utterances with something outside of the usage of language. One problem here is that the definition of meaning and the definition of truth are presupposing each other. See also correspondence theory, coherence theory, meaning theory, deflationism, disquotationalism.
B. Pragmatic truth theories refer to a more or less fixed image of a socially or religiously determined ideal, which must be realized. Untruth is then something like the difference between a state realized by social practice and the image of the ideal. See also pragmatism, idealization, ideas.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Horwich I 480
Truth Definition/T-Def/truth/PutnamVsTarski: his Truth Definition has nothing to do with understanding or meaning. - Otherwise, it would be absurd: E.g. If "Ws" would have meant in L that snow is black, then it would have been the case that the snow would have been white iff. snow would have been black. - DummettVsTarski: ditto, - otherwise E.g. If x knows that it is not the case that snow is white iff. snow is black, then x knows that "Ws" in L does not mean that snow is black. - Davidson: tries to eliminate the concept of meaning in favor of the truth. - Meaning Theory/Soames: must not appeal to more semantic concepts._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994