|Höffe I 59
Self-love/Aristoteles/Höffe: In the course of the detailed treatise on friendship, Aristotle addresses the question of who one should love most, oneself or another.(1) Only at first glance is the answer surprising: the good man should love himself, the bad man should not. For Aristotle's argument is convincing: because the good man acts morally, he benefits himself and others at the same time; he stands up for his friends and his community; he sacrifices money, if necessary, even his life.
The evil one, on the other hand, follows his bad passions, thereby harming both himself and his neighbor. Consequently, only with the good man does one's own happiness form a unity with the happiness of others, and the friend becomes an "other self". At the same time, Aristotle solves a basic problem of Eudaimonism, like someone who commits himself to the principle of happiness but is nevertheless able to be an altruist:
He can because he makes friendships
Höffe I 60
"in the name of happiness" that go far beyond his own benefit.
1.Nicomachian ethics, VII and IX.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016