Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. For the understanding of signs and words plays a role, whether one can connect an object with the word or sign, as well as whether one can replace the sign or word with another sign or word. In order to understand full sentences, the context must be grasped as well. A point of contention is whether knowing the truth conditions gives the sentence its meaning. In other words Whether there is the knowledge about what should be if the sentence were true. If that is correct, there is no need to know whether the sentence is true (cf. M. Dummett, Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992, p. 20). See also substitution, truth conditions, knowledge.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 289
Understanding/Tugendhat: Understanding the usage rule of an assertoric sentence: not knowing the circumstances, but know in what capacity it is used.
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I 308
Understanding/TugendhatVsMeta Language: Understanding is not expressed in a meta language - but in mastering the sign rules.
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I 489
Understanding/singular Term/Tugendhat: we understand a singular term only if we know to which other types it refers - but not a circle, but complementary.
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I 495
Understanding/Tugendhat: by Leibniz law of identity, the equal sign is not defined - one can say that his understanding is demonstrated when one can infer from the truth of "Fa" to the one of "Fb" - but with that the circumstances are not shown - criteria/identity criterion/Tugendhat: shift to object area.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Tu I
E. Tugendhat
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976

Tu II
E. Tugendhat
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22