Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. For the understanding of signs and words plays a role, whether one can connect an object with the word or sign, as well as whether one can replace the sign or word with another sign or word. In order to understand full sentences, the context must be grasped as well. A point of contention is whether knowing the truth conditions gives the sentence its meaning. In other words Whether there is the knowledge about what should be if the sentence were true. If that is correct, there is no need to know whether the sentence is true (cf. M. Dummett, Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992, p. 20). See also substitution, truth conditions, knowledge.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Frank I 148
NagelVsUnderstanding - (empathy only with mental states) - VsSolipsism: is the result of interpreting the empathic imagination as sensual
I 149f
Understanding/Nagel: we can have evidence for the truth of something that we do not understand - individuals of radically different genera (scientists from Mars) can both understand the same physical events in objective terminology - for this they do not need to understand the phenomenal forms
Nagel I 75
Understanding/Wittgenstein: communication through language consists not only of a match in the definition, but in the judgments - logic seems to abolish this, but it does not - "congruence in language use and judgment is necessary, but not sufficient for meaning -" Nagel: if the application conditions do not appear to be sufficient, it may be that one misinterpreted the concept -" but also that we misunderstood the conditions -


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N I
Th. Nagel
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

N II
Th. Nagel
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

N III
Th. Nagel
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979


> Counter arguments against Nagel
> Counter arguments in relation to Understanding ...

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-23