Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. For the understanding of signs and words plays a role, whether one can connect an object with the word or sign, as well as whether one can replace the sign or word with another sign or word. In order to understand full sentences, the context must be grasped as well. A point of contention is whether knowing the truth conditions gives the sentence its meaning. In other words Whether there is the knowledge about what should be if the sentence were true. If that is correct, there is no need to know whether the sentence is true (cf. M. Dummett, Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992, p. 20). See also substitution, truth conditions, knowledge.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
IV 35
Understanding/Art/Goodman: In order to understand a work, we do not have to know what properties it has at the moment, but which of them it exemplifies.
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IV 152
Similarity/image/Goodman: The thesis of similarity in the image competence is sharing its weakness with a rule theory of language competence: namely, the inability to explain figurative use.
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IV 152
Understand a picture, means often to understand what its symbols represent figuratively. Example: If a knight is represented with his dog on the side, the dog typically symbolizes loyalty. We must grasp the literal and the metaphorical meaning.
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IV 153
It is also not intuitively apparent that figures on Egyptian paintings represent generally. The difference between the general and the particular and the way in which this difference is converted picturally, are things that must be learned.
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IV 160
Misconceptions:
1. The belief that it is about all or nothing when understanding a symbol.
2. That there is a single, uniquely correct interpretation for each symbol.
However, understanding allows gradations.
No rules guarantee that a correct interpretation can be achieved. Recipes do not exist.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

G I
N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

G II
N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

G III
N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

G IV
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989


> Counter arguments against Goodman
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-24