|Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. See also actions, meaning, knowledge._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Understanding/Art/Goodman: In order to understand a work, we do not have to know what properties it has at the moment, but which of them it exemplifies.
Similarity/image/Goodman: The thesis of similarity in the image competence is sharing its weakness with a rule theory of language competence: namely, the inability to explain figurative use.
Understand a picture, means often to understand what its symbols represent figuratively. Example: If a knight is represented with his dog on the side, the dog typically symbolizes loyalty. We must grasp the literal and the metaphorical meaning.
It is also not intuitively apparent that figures on Egyptian paintings represent generally. The difference between the general and the particular and the way in which this difference is converted picturally, are things that must be learned.
1. The belief that it is about all or nothing when understanding a symbol.
2. That there is a single, uniquely correct interpretation for each symbol.
However, understanding allows gradations.
No rules guarantee that a correct interpretation can be achieved. Recipes do not exist._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989