Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reliability theory, philosophy: reliability theory is a theory about the occurrence of knowledge. It attempts to explain how subjects in some cases have knowledge, without being able to explain this knowledge for themselves and others. See also causal theory of knowledge, knowledge, regularity, unconscious.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 83
SchifferVsReliability: (as the key to representation, e.g. fuel gauge: there are false truth conditional functions possible: E-functions that do not ascribe situations but false words: E.g. "snow". Coal - (for Mentalese) - even under "optimal conditions" - Then it is uncertain whether the reliability has come about on the wrong way.
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I 83ff
Arthritis/reliability/mentalese/Relation Theory/SchifferVsFodor: ... + ... - Alfred thinks in his idiolect. - Supposing there is a second function g that assigns a condition to Arthritis that we connect with shmarthritis (rheumatic-like). - Then: you cannot determine if Alfred is more reliable according to f (attribution of truth conditions) or g (attribution of false words). - Condition (c): an M-function f is the truth conditional function for x' lingua mentis M iff (a preferred balance of) the head-reliability and world-head reliability of x (thinking in M) with respect to f is greater than with respect to any other M-function, this is neither sufficient nor necessary. - We do not know by which attribution function the speaker goes. - Like > Quaddition.
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I 87
Quaddition/reliability/relation theory/belief/Schiffer: if Ralph does not understand anything about mathematics : There is no difference between two attribution functions (a) correct addition, b) Quaddition). - Because they provide the same values for manageable numbers - and are not discernible for inconceivably large numbers because they are incomprehensible.
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I 104
SchifferVsReliability Theory: the functional relation that is correlated by the reliability theory with "true of" has, as one of its realizations "arthritis"> shmarthritis. - Solution: there must be an "excellent role".
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I 104
Reliability Theory/Schiffer: Solution: adequacy by disquotation schema. - probability that M-function f* exists is high, given that x s believes and f*(s) e.g. is about the stock market. - (S), i.e. we assume that the people usually believe and know something true what they are talking about.)
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I 105
Field: if functional theory for mentalese, then the reliability theory is indispensable.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22