|Reliability theory, philosophy: reliability theory is a theory about the occurrence of knowledge. It attempts to explain how subjects in some cases have knowledge, without being able to explain this knowledge for themselves and others. See also causal theory of knowledge, knowledge, regularity, unconscious._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Regularity theories/Regth/Brandom: Assessment of truth based on the correct or incorrect use of concepts - Reliability theories: already presumes the concept of correct asserting and application - Authorisation: derived from accuracy of assertion - VsReliability theory: gerrymandering: there is an infinite number of patterns for explaining a regularity - there must be privileged regularities (uniformities, UF).
Reliability/Goldman/Brandom: objective property - it is based on the probabilities, not on the perception.
Reliability theory: E.g. Monique has learned to recognize white beech by its leaves, but is unsure herself - in that case, she has knowledge even though she denies it - the knowledge status is external - SellarsVs, Brandom pro - Reliability theory: Monique has knowledge - Sellars: it is always located in the space of reasons (instead of non-inferential, direct perception) - so it is always about justification.
Reliability theories/Definition "basic insight"/Brandom: reliably formed true beliefs may qualify as knowledge, even though the one who knows cannot justify them - Goldman/Brandom: Attributions of reliability must be qualified to reference classes - Definition "conceptual blind spot": over-generalization of the basic insight of reliability theory to semantics - it is wrongly assumed that one could understand the content of knowledge claims, just because there may be knowledge in cases, in which the one who knows himself does not have an inferential justification - in order to avoid that, he must be shown that inferential significance plays a role for the distinction of representations - Definition "Naturalistic Blind Spot": wants to see the basis of a fully naturalized epistemology that requires no standards or reasons in the reliabtility approach. In order to avoid this it is necessary to recur to interpersonal inference.
Reliability theoryVsGettier/Brandom: not whether justified true beliefs are necessary together, but whether they are necessary individually - "basic insight": there are at least some cases of knowledge without justification.
E.g. chicken sexers (odour) - E.g. country sayings.
Reliability theory/Brandom: externalist, because facts decide whether we know something.
Cases of knowledge without knowledge about are only possible as a local, not as a global phenomenon - otherwise notion of reliability would not be possible - and, a fortiori, not of knowledge.
Reliability itself cannot assume the explanation role ((s) circles)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001