|Verification, philosophy: verification means determining the truth value ("true" or "false") of statements that refer to the observable. The admissible means of verification are determined by the theories, the statements belong to. See also verificationism, confirmation, certainty, empiricism, foundation, proof, manifestation, understanding, generalization._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Verification/Goodman: E.g. 26 marbles are black, 1 unknown color, 25 tested: "continuability" of predicates (> projectability). Problem: from the same data can follow both black, as well as a different color.
Although some statements that confirm a general hypothesis are conclusions from it, but not all conclusions of it verify it.
"And"/Conjunction: verification of an ingredient gives the whole statement no credibility which would pass onto other sub-statements.
Confirmation/Hempel: A hypothesis is really only confirmed by such statements, that are application cases of it in the special sense that from them follows not the hypothesis itself, but its relativization or restriction on the class of objects that is mentioned in that statement.
Verification/Goodman: Even with the present, real objects only a fairly small part of our knowledge is often based on direct verification._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989