Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Generalization: a generalization is the extension of a statement (an attribution of properties) that applies to a domain D of objects to an object domain E that is larger than D and contains D. Time points may also belong to the subject domain. A property which fully applies to the objects of an object domain may be partially applicable to the objects of a larger domain. See also validity, general invalidity, general, predication, methods.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 152
Individual sciences/Reductionism/Natural kind/Generalization/Fodor: must allow exceptions. - The laws which connect the individual disjuncts in liberal reductionism, however, do not need to allow any exceptions. - Wrong solution: natural ways of IS to distinguish wherever the nat. kinds equal physics. - This requirement would make the laws of the IS valid without exception. - E.g. its own economic law for each currency system would invariably be valid, but no longer a generalization, gain in insight. - Then you can no longer tell what is happening in monetary systems, then E.g. -a currency system- would be no longer a natural kind. - Exceptions are explained away on the level of reducing science.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

F/L
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-20