|Judgment: the use of the concept „judgment“ is not uniform. If the judgment is interpreted as the determination of the truth value ("true" or "false") of a statement, this is indicated explicitly, e.g. with the judgment stroke I- introduced by G. Frege. See also truth value, judgment stroke, sentence, statement, utterance, assertion._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Brandom I 516
Judgement/Kant: is the basic unit of consciousness.
Strawson V 64
Judgment/Kant: a valid judgment is independet from consciousness states - Strawson: then probably no experience without concepts - the deepest principle -> Categories: unity of consciousness.
Judgement/Kant: the same as to let fall objects under concepts.
Bubner I 96
Judgment/Kant/Aristotle/Bubner: judgements are not like signs in direct relation to a particular world-givenness, but they represent something, or characterize something as something.
They design a certain point of view on the world, which can be distinguished from other views.
The judgment asserts that things behave as it is represented by the connection of two sentence elements.
But in this way, only separate things can be summarized!
The unity thus arises from a specially accomplished connection. It is produced in the judgment and is therefore not a givenness of the world.
This also explains the possibility of the falsehood of a sentence which is actually properly formed.
Definition judgment/Kant/Bubner: is then called the particular idea, the content of which is the determinable relation of other representations, which in turn have a content which does not emerge from the formal connection alone.
Judgment is, therefore, the mediate knowledge of an object, the representation of a representation of it.
If, on the other hand, the content continually emerges from new representations, there would be a regress in judging.
Solution: the relation of representations must itself become the object of an idea.
Synthesis: is now the fact that this relationship can be specified, namely, that in the establishment of the relationship something own comes to consciousness, namely, the unity of the connected representations as such. That is the peculiar content of the judgment._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992