Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Incomplete symbols: This is an expression by B. Russell for phrases that cannot stand alone to be meaningful. (B. Russell, “On Denoting, in Mind”, New Series, Vol. 14, No. 56. (Oct. 1905), pp. 479-493.) For example, descriptions such as “the fattest man”. In “Principia Mathematica” Russell, however, distinguishes names as complete symbols from descriptions as incomplete symbols. What is crucial here is that the context or the use of the expression must contribute to the definition. See also subsententials, compositionality, Frege-Principle, names, descriptions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 64f
Def incomplete Symbol/Principia Mathematica/Russell: E.g. proposition or sentence. (Contrast: Judgment that is already complete because it brings together perception and sentence about the perception).
I 65
E.g. the proposition Socrates is a human being requires some kind of supplement. - But if I judge the same wording, the corresponding judgement is complete - although no explicit amendment was made to the proposition.
I 64
Incomplete Symbol/Principia Mathematica/Russell: sentence or proposition - complete: Judgment (brings together sentence and perception).
I 95
Description/name/proper name/Principia Mathematica/Russell: E.g. round square is a description, not a proper name. - ((s) so names are not abbreviated descriptions.) - Description: incomplete. - Name/Russell: complete, complete symbol.
I 95
Incomplete symbols: formulas in mathematics: only useful in use - descriptions, remain undetermined. - Symbol for classes.
I 95f
Complete symbols: proper names: e.g. Socrates.
- - -
Flor III 117
Def incomplete symbols/Russell/Flor: class names, or expressions that contain class names and thus can be replaced by other symbols. Example "all humans" "some people": - (logical fictions).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Russell I
B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986

Russell II
B. Russell
The ABC of Relativity, London 1958, 1969
German Edition:
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989

Russell IV
B. Russell
The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912
German Edition:
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967

Russell VI
B. Russell
"The Philosophy of Logical Atomism", in: B. Russell, Logic and KNowledge, ed. R. Ch. Marsh, London 1956, pp. 200-202
German Edition:
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993

Russell VII
B. Russell
On the Nature of Truth and Falsehood, in: B. Russell, The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912 - Dt. "Wahrheit und Falschheit"
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

Flor I
Jan Riis Flor
"Gilbert Ryle: Bewusstseinsphilosophie"
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke, Reinbek 1993

Flor II
Jan Riis Flor
"Karl Raimund Popper: Kritischer Rationalismus"
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A.Hügli/P.Lübcke, Reinbek 1993

Flor III
J.R. Flor
"Bertrand Russell: Politisches Engagement und logische Analyse"
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P.Lübcke (Hg), Reinbek 1993

Flor IV
Jan Riis Flor
"Thomas S. Kuhn. Entwicklung durch Revolution"
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke, Reinbek 1993

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-06-02
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