Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Universal generalization, logic: under the condition that an arbitrarily chosen object x has a certain property F, one can conclude that every object has the property F. See also existential generalization, universal instantiation.
 
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V 232
Probability/explanation/Peter Railton/Lewis: deductive-nomological model of probabilistic explanation. - One must distinguish it from Fetzer's model: for both are: covering law/Railton/Fetzer: universal generalization about individual probabilities. - FetzerVsRailton: as in Hempel: inductive, not deductive - Explanation: as argument. LewisVsFetzer: however: a good explanation is not necessary a good argument. LewisVsFetzer/LewisVsRailton: both want an explanation, even if the event is extremely unlikely, but in this case a good explanation is a very bad argument. - probability/explanation/Hempel: deviates from his deductive-nomological model.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991


> Counter arguments against Lewis



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23