Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Universals: universals are expressions for what objects may have in common, e.g. a certain color. Examples for universals are redness, roundness, difference, value. The ontological status of universals as something independent of thought - that is, their existence - is controversial. Nevertheless it is undisputed that we form terms for generalization and successfully use them. See also general terms, general, generalization, ontology, existence, conceptual realism, realism, ideas, participation, sortals, conceptualism, nominalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 237
Properties/Universals/Reference/Schiffer: "modesty" and "Red" refer to nothing. - N.B.: therefore the grammatical singular terms need no reference. - Then no compositional semantics is needed. - Understanding of the sentence "Teresa is modest" needs no acquaintance with humility. - Logical form by E.g. - "Modesty is a virtue": not more fine-grained than "P". - That -clause: has no referent. - A grammatical singular term must not be logically a singular expression.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987


> Counter arguments against Schiffer
> Counter arguments in relation to Universals

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-24